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Hipertermia em cães

hipertermia em caes

Com a chegada do verão é de extrema importância falarmos sobre a hipertermia em cães. Isso porque infelizmente muitos tutores não sabem o que é isso, então vamos aprender mais sobre este problema. O verão é a estação mais quente do ano e onde nós e nossos amigos peludos sofrem demais. Por isso é importante estar atento às altas temperaturas e aos sintomas que a hipertermia em cães gera, pois em casos graves pode levar o pet a óbito.

O que é a hipertermia em cães?

A hipertermia em cães ocorre quando a temperatura corporal do pet ultrapassa dos 40ºC. Os cães não sofrem com este problema somente no verão, mas nesta época do ano isso ocorre com mais frequência por conta das altas temperaturas e tempo seco.

O significado da palavra hipertermia vem de “hiper” que significa muito e “termia” calor, sendo assim o excesso de temperatura corporal. Ela geralmente acontece quando o cão fica exposto em um ambiente muito quente e sem ventilação ou exposto ao sol. Por isso devemos ter cuidado na hora do passeio. 

A hipertermia em cães ocorre porque seu sistema de termorregulação é bem diferente do nosso, eles fazem a troca de temperatura com o ambiente através das patas e focinhos. Sendo assim, não é uma troca tão eficaz para altas temperaturas, levando a um choque térmico.

Sintomas da hipertermia em cães

É sempre bom estar alerta a qualquer sinal de hipertermia em cães, principalmente em dias quentes. Os sinais acabam sendo característicos como:

  • Dificuldade respiratória;
  • Apatia;
  • Andar cambaleante;
  • Alteração na coloração da língua e na parte interna da orelha;
  • Confusão mental;
  • Vômito;
  • Excesso de salivação;
  • Diarréia;
  • Tremores;
  • Perda de consciência;
  • Convulsão.

Estes são alguns dos sintomas mais comuns da hipertermia em cães, então se você notar algum destes sintomas, leve seu amigo imediatamente ao veterinário para que seja socorrido. Existem algumas formas de prevenir a hipertermia em cães, vamos falar um pouco sobre elas.

Como prevenir a hipertermia em cães

A prevenção da hipertermia em cães pode ser feita de forma simples e prática, vamos ver algumas dicas:

  • Mantenha o cachorro em local fresco e arejado;
  • Evite passear com o pet entre 10h e 16h, pois estes são os horários mais quentes, onde o pet pode vir a passar mal;
  • Cuidado onde você deixa a casinha ou abrigo do seu amigo. Evite que fique exposto ao sol, pois isto eleva ainda mais a temperatura;
  • Espalhe vasilhas cheias de água pela casa e quintal, pois nesta época do ano o consumo tende a aumentar, fora isso a água evapora mais facilmente;
  • Verifique a temperatura do solo antes de sair para passear com seu amigo, para evitar que ele queime a patinha;
  • Nunca deixe seu cão dentro de um carro fechado, mesmo que este esteja na sombra, pois a temperatura do carro sobe rapidamente, podendo fazer o pet passar mal;
  • Não deixe o pet em local completamente fechado se não tiver uma ventilação adequada para que ele se refresque;
  • Evite fazer exercícios longos e cansativos;
  • Cuidado com pets com sobrepeso ou obesos, isto é um fator de risco para hipertermia em cães;
  • Leve sempre água no passeio, para oferecer ao pet em pequenas porções.

A melhor forma de controlar a hipertermia em cães é através da prevenção, pois quando evitamos que o cão seja exposto a estes fatores, evitamos diversas doenças.

Tratamento da hipertermia em cães

A hipertermia em cães deve ser tratada imediatamente, pois aumenta muito a chance do animal sobreviver e não ter sequelas. Porém, o cão quando tem hipertermia precisa consultar um veterinário para que este avalie o estado geral do pet. Vamos falar sobre como reduzir a temperatura do cachorro no caminho para clínica veterinária. Você precisa tomar algumas atitudes como:

  • Retire o pet do sol ou do ambiente fechado;
  • Procure um local fresco e ventilado longe do sol;
  • Use toalhas molhadas para refrescar o pet;
  • Cuidado ao utilizar gelo, pois pode acabar causando um choque térmico e fazendo com que o estado do cachorro piore;
  • Ofereça água fresca aos poucos;
  • Não ofereça comida, pois se o animal convulsionar ele pode acabar sufocando com ela.

O veterinário dará todo o suporte necessário ao animal quando chegar na clínica, colocando o pet no soro e realizando exames laboratoriais para ver se não ocorreu nenhum dano à saúde do cachorro. Podendo também em alguns casos realizar a aplicação de antibióticos para evitar infecção generalizada, pois existem bactérias no organismo do pet que quando aumentam de temperatura podem ser prejudiciais à saúde.

Raças mais propensas a hipertermia

Existem sim algumas raças e fatores que fazem com que a hipertermia em cães ocorra, por isso é bom ficar alerta. Essas raças são:

  • Cães braquicefálicos (que possuem o focinho achatado, como shihtzu e buldogue francês);
  • Cães com problemas cardiopatas;
  • Filhotes e cães idosos;
  • Cães obesos
  • Cães com pelos escuros;
  • Raças miniaturas;
  • Cães muito agitados;

Se você for tutor de um destes tipos de pets, o ideal é não sair nos horários quentes para assim evitar a hipertermia em cães.

Se você gostou de saber mais sobre a hipertermia em cães comente aqui.

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